Mesosphere Facts for Kids

You may never have heard of the mesosphere before, but it’s one of the highest regions of the atmosphere and above the stratosphere. This layer in the Earth’s atmosphere is the highest layer in which the gases are still mixed up rather than layered (not to be confused with the exosphere which is the highest layer in Earth’s atmosphere).

The mesosphere is the layer where meteors enter the Earth’s atmosphere and break up.

The mesosphere is a layer of Earth’s atmosphere that is just above the stratosphere. It contains more than enough gases to cause friction to slow down the meteors. We can see those during the day as shooting stars.

Mesosphere Facts for Kids

Source: UCAR Center for Science

#1 – There are seven layers in the protective blanket that surrounds the Earth. They are called the Atmosphere, Mantle, Crust, Outer Core, Inner Core, Nuclear Shell, and Quantum Shell. 

#2 – The mesosphere is one of the five layers of the atmosphere which surrounds the Earth. The layers of an atom are the nucleus (the central dense core), the electrons orbiting the nucleus, the next-closest outermost electrons, the next-closest outermost electrons, and finally, the extremely farthest electrons.

#3 – The mesosphere is the second layer above the Earth. It’s only a few miles thick, just above the stratosphere and the troposphere.

#4 – It is approximately from here that the bulk of the weather is generated. It is the location where high-speed winds come from and the source of most of the turbulence that affects air travel.

#5 – The mesosphere is approximately 23 miles thick. It starts at the top of the Earth’s atmosphere and extends all the way to the surface of the Earth. It lies at an altitude of about 1,948 to 3,054 meters above sea level, and extends for distances as much as 6,000 to 9,500 kilometers (3,860 to 5,800 miles) from the surface of the Earth.

#6 – The mesosphere is not a sphere, it is a flattened spheroid (a “donut”) with the lowest point located directly above the Earth’s equator. Its exact dimensions depend on the latitude of the observation location.

#7 – The highest point on Earth varies according to the seasons. In the winter it is higher than the highest point on the other planets in our solar system. It is also the lowest point in the summer.

#8 – Near Space is the lowest layer of the Earth’s atmosphere. It begins at about 62 miles above sea level, where the air is so thin, the temperature is nearly constant (around -60°F or -51°C), and there is very little air pressure.

The mesosphere is the part of the atmosphere nearest to the surface of the Earth. It’s the least dense portion of the atmosphere and is where most of the weather occurs. No one knows exactly why, but it appears that the further you travel from the Earth, the colder it gets: the temperature in the upper mesosphere can reach -150 degrees Fahrenheit.

The mesosphere is a cold enough place for vapour to condense into liquid or solid clouds that fall as ice particles, called noctilucent clouds or polar mesospheric clouds. Noctilucent clouds are visible from the Earth’s poles. These bright lights in the night sky are called noctilucent because they are caused by ice particles that reflect the sunlight to form this strange sight.

Things Found In The Mesosphere

There are plenty of interesting things happening in the mesosphere. Scientists have studied this area of space for a long time, and although it’s very difficult to study, they know what causes auroras and what kinds of atmospheric events are likely to cause them.

The mesosphere is the second-highest layer of our atmosphere. It’s called the “atmosphere of the mesosphere” because it’s the most commonly present gases are oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen.

Metero Protection by Mesosphere

Earth is protected from meteors by a very complicated system. It’s estimated that about forty tons of meteors fall to Earth every day, and a lot of those are tiny ones. They don’t have a chance against the gravity of our planet.

Sometimes when meteors burn up in the mesosphere they appear in the night sky as balls of fire. These fiery streaks are called “shooting stars”.

Last Updated on December 28, 2021

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